Most Common Types of House Foundations for House Building

Most Common Types of House Foundations for House Building

One of the most important decisions you’ll make when building a house is determining the kind of foundation it will rest on. The foundation serves the essential functions of keeping your home in place even as the ground beneath it might shift, insulating it, keeping the moisture out, and keeping it level. A proper foundation does more than just hold a house above the ground. Building foundations also keep out moisture, insulate against the cold, and resist movement of the earth around it. 

This article will highlight the most common types of house foundations for house buildings and give you the information that you need to decide which of the house foundations suit you.

Most Common Types of House Foundations for House Building

Basement Foundation

A foundation with a full basement begins with a hole at least eight feet deep to accommodate an underground living space, the floor area of ​​which corresponds almost or entirely to the ground floor of the house. They place structural foundation walls on concrete foundations that run the perimeter of the basement. You will then pour beams, build foundation walls, and pour a cement slab into the walls.

The obvious advantage of underground foundations is the additional living space they can provide. In fact, if the homeowner decides to complete it, it can double the square foot of the house. The underground foundation is durable and resistant to fire and extreme weather. Basements are the most expensive foundation type, and unless you build a Nikko basement (a basement built on the hillside that leads to sunlight on at least one side), the space created by this type of foundation feels like a cave. You can, because of the lack of natural light. If you live in an area at risk of flooding, it is not advisable to build a basement. Experts also recommend installing special equipment such as drainage pumps, even in areas where floods are less likely to occur.

Crawlspace Stem Walls 

The short foundation wall or drywall on the concrete foundation forms the foundation of the house with a crawl space. They form an area where you can crawl below the house, usually providing enough space for storage, furnaces, etc. One of the advantages of a crawlspace foundation is that it protects the family from possible flooding. Raising the bottom of the house can protect its walls from flooding and other environmental hazards. This is also a cheaper option than digging a whole basement.

While crawlspace foundations are more resistant to termites because of the elevation they're at from the ground, they're prone to mold and mildew because of the moisture that can accumulate below them.  While they are not as expensive as a basement, crawlspace foundations do require maintenance: homeowners will need to make sure below-ground walls are free from cracks, check for leaks around plumbing components, and install vapor barriers to keep it dry.

Concrete Slab Foundations

A slab foundation is a flat concrete slab that rests on the ground and is poured in one single piece.  One of the advantages of a monolithic foundation is that they are less expensive and quicker to construct.  One of the downsides of slab construction is that sewer and drainage pipes are put in place before the concrete is poured.  In the event of a sewage or plumbing problem, you will need to break into the concrete slab to access the pipes.

Wood Foundations

Wood became a popular choice for a foundation in the 1960s.  Builders will use treated wood that is not susceptible to decay and is easy to install.  Because they don’t require concrete pouring or labor-intensive masonry work, wood foundations are faster and less expensive to install than concrete foundations.  The lumber industry has created ways of treating other lumber to make it similar to cypress, redwood, and cedar.  Concrete foundations are stronger than soil, but they also may not last as long.

Pier and Beam Foundations

In coastal areas, the best way to anchor a home above the soil that’s constantly shifting, flooding, or eroding is to build a pier and beam foundation.  You often find them in areas that are prone to hurricane conditions or major flooding.  They need to support and protect the home from moisture so they require serious planning.  They work the same way as an ocean pier by fixing long pillars into the deepest layers of stone and soil.  Builders use them with higher homes because the pillars displace the weight of the house over a larger area, preventing the home from settling.

Do Not Compromise Quality For Price

While the project may save money on materials, in the long run, it will cost you more.  These poor-quality building materials may result in warranty and repair work, which will impact your profit margins and incur even more costs. 

Poor quality building materials will not last as long as high-quality building materials, and this decreases the durability of the entire construction project. For example, if you opt for a high-quality wiremesh as a base for your concrete project, that base will be more reinforced and durable than one made with poor-quality building material. 

Instead of skimping out on high-quality building materials and opting for low-quality building materials, choose high-quality building materials that are durable, sustainable, and will last for a long time. That’s why you must choose the right supplier for your quality Toko Besi, Bahan Bangunan, dan Perkakas because compromising the quality to save a few bucks will bring you more cons than pros.