Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Gum disease has various stages. It often starts with Gingivitis which is a mild form of the gum disease. It causes irritation, redness, swelling (inflammation), of your gums as well as sensitivity and pain.

Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Gum disease has various stages. It often starts with Gingivitis which is a mild form of the gum disease. It causes irritation, redness, swelling (inflammation), of your gums as well as sensitivity and pain. It occurs when a film of plaque or bacteria and tartar build up on the teeth. Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease and a serious infection of the gums. By the time people notice the symptoms, gingivitis has progressed to periodontitis.

This is why regular dental visits are very important to maintain the health of your teeth and the gums. 

How is gum disease diagnosed?

During a dental exam, the dentist will examine your gums with a small ruler and try to find any signs of inflammation. He will also measure any pockets around your teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth is 1 to 3 millimeters. But as periodontal disease progresses, these pockets usually get deeper and start to bleed as the tissues are more inflamed. Your dentist may also order X-rays to check for decay between teeth and bone loss caused by gum disease. 

How can gum disease be prevented?

Gum disease can lead to unfortunate tooth loss and tooth decay. You should not ignore your gums at any cost! Below are some tips to prevent gum disease. 

  1. Brush your teeth after every meal to remove sugar and particles of food that remain in your mouth after eating. Or else plaque and bacteria start feeding on it. 
  2. Floss at least once a day to clean between your teeth. Flossing can help remove the plaque and food that’s beyond your toothbrush’s reach. 
  3. See your dentist on a regular basis. They can detect early gum disease symptoms. 
  4. Smoking is strongly associated with oral decay and gum diseases. And thus you should quit smoking to prevent any gum disease. 
  5. Always use fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth and gums from decay and reduce gingivitis 
  6. Use a therapeutic mouthwash that reaches virtually 100% of your mouth. It can help reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis.
  7. Most importantly, eat a balanced diet for achieving and maintaining good gums health.