Things you need to know before tooth extraction
There are various other reasons that may require you to have your tooth pulled in adulthood such as tooth decay, tooth infections, overcrowding of teeth or even the risk of infection.
Contrary to the common belief, reasons for tooth extraction are not just limited to the removal of wisdom teeth. There are various other reasons that may require you to have your tooth pulled in adulthood such as tooth decay, tooth infections, overcrowding of teeth or even the risk of infection. Often braces also require removal of teeth to create space for the braces to fit in.
A relatively quick and outpatient procedure, tooth extraction is performed by a dentist or oral surgeon using local or general anesthesia or a combination. The degree of complexity depends on the type of tooth to be removed and other factors.
When is tooth extraction required?
Tooth removal is generally required when a damaged or broken tooth cannot be repaired by dental restoration procedures like a crown. Sometimes impacted teeth may also require extraction due to the inability to erupt properly. Dental injuries, wisdom teeth, and old age are other common reasons for tooth extraction. Patients who are seeking orthodontic treatment such as braces to eliminate overcrowding may also need to have a tooth or more extracted to allow braces to move the others back into the right place.
Preparing for tooth extraction
Even the mere thought of tooth extraction can lead to stress and dental anxiety but it's an easier journey if you're fully prepared for the procedure ahead of time. It is vital to follow some important steps in order to have the best experience with tooth extraction. Speak to your dentist openly and get to fully know about the procedure so that you know what to expect. A professional and experienced dentist will surely know how to make you comfortable and will help you become as relaxed and calm as possible. Upon visiting your dentist, he/she will first take an X-ray of your tooth or mouth to understand the underlying condition. Any pre-existing medical condition must be disclosed to your dentist at this point.
The procedure of tooth extraction
Before the tooth extraction procedure, the dentist will first evaluate the condition of the tooth to be extracted according to several parameters such as their position, the health of the supporting tissues and other factors. Depending upon whether your tooth is visible or impacted, the tooth extraction process ranges from simple extraction or surgical extraction.
Removing visible teeth does not require a more involved procedure and thus is called a simple extraction. By administering local anesthesia to the area of extraction, your dentist will numb the area so that while extraction only pressure is and no pain. Post this, the dentist shall loosen your tooth by using the elevator (dental instrument) and remove it using forceps.
A slightly complex tooth extraction process, Surgical Extraction is needed when the tooth has not yet broken away from the gum line or is not fully grown. Using a combination of local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia, the dentist will numb the area of the extraction and make a small incision in your gum to access the infected tooth. In a few cases, he may also need to remove bone around the tooth to get better access to your tooth.